Aspergillus

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Aspergillosis is an infection caused by a type of fungus that can be found both indoors and outdoors. Everyday most people breathe the Aspergillus spores without getting sick. People with Lung disease and weakened immune system are at higher risk of developing health issues (allergic reactions, lung infections and infections in other organs) due to Aspergillus. There are different types of Aspergillosis:

  1. Allergic bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis

  2. Allergic Aspergillus Sinusitis

  3. Azole-Resistant Aspergillus Fumigatus

  4. Aspergilloma

  5. Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis

  6. Invasive aspergillosis

  7. Cutaneous aspergillosis

Inhalation/breathing of the mold causes the infection. The Molds can be present indoors and Outdoors

Transmission

Transmission

The symptoms vary according to the type of Aspergillosis a patient has

Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA) have symptoms like that of asthma

  1. Wheezing

  2. Shortness of breath

  3. Cough

  4. Fever

Symptoms of Allergic Aspergillus Sinusitis includes:

  1. Stuffiness

  2. Runny nose

  3. Headache

  4. Reduced ability to smell

Symptoms of Aspergilloma includes:

  1. Cough

  2. Coughing up blood

  3. Shortness of breath

Symptoms of Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis includes:

  1. Weight loss

  2. Cough

  3. Coughing up blood

  4. Fatigue

  5. Shortness of breath

 

Symptoms of Invasive Aspergillosis is very difficult to know as it occurs in people who are already sick with other medical conditions. The symptoms of invasive aspergillosis in lungs includes:

  1. Fever

  2. Chest pain

  3. Cough

  4. Coughing up blood

  5. Shortness of breath

  6. Most other symptoms develop when the infection spread from lungs to other parts of the body.

Symptoms

Symptoms

Laboratory testing can help in diagnosing the Aspergillosis infection. Infectolab Americas Aspergillus Spot helps to monitor the antigen specific T-cell activity. These cells are part of the adaptive immune system; tracking their immune response gives a clear picture of the stage of the disease as well as providing the tools necessary to assess the success of any treatment. 

Testing

Testing

Allergic Aspergillosis can be treated with Itraconazole. Physicians may also consider treating with Corticosteroids.

Treatment

Treatment

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Available Tests for Aspergillus

Aspergillus ELISPOT

2 ACD Tubes (Yellow top)

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