Borrelia miyamotoi

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The bacteria are transmitted through tick bites (Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes pacificus).

Transmission

Transmission

The signs and symptoms are not specific to the disease; therefore, laboratory confirmation is required to identify hard tick-borne relapsing fever. Infectolab Americas Borrelia miyamotoi Spot helps to monitor the antigen specific T-cell activity. These cells are part of the adaptive immune system; tracking their immune response gives a clear picture of the stage of the disease as well as providing the tools necessary to assess the success of any treatment. 

Testing

Testing

Borrelia miyamotoi is a species of spiral bacteria that causes hard tick-borne relapsing fever (Borrelia miyamotoi disease) and is closely related to the bacteria that cause tick-borne relapsing fever. The disease is spread through tick bites, namely black-legged or deer ticks (Ixodes scapularis) and western black-legged ticks (Ixodes pacificus). These ticks are also known to transmit Lyme disease, babesiosis and ehrlichiosis.

The incubation period of the bacteria varies from days to weeks. The common symptoms of the disease are listed below:

  1. Fever

  2. Headaches

  3. Fatigue

  4. Chills

  5. Myalgia (muscle pain)

Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms

Infected patients are treated with a 2 to 4-week course of doxycycline.

Treatment

Treatment

Available Test for Borrelia miyamotoi

Borrelia miyamotoi ELISPOT

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