Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)

IMG_0752.jpg

 

 

EBV is usually transmitted through body fluids, especially saliva. However, it can also be transmitted through semen during sexual contact and, less commonly, via blood during blood transfusions and organ transplants. EBV can also spread through sharing glasses or toothbrushes that have been used by an infected person. Once the virus is acquired, it will remain latent/inactive in the body unless there is a trigger that reactivates it. Immune-compromised individuals are affected by the reactivation of the virus. An individual carrying the activated virus can spread the infection.

Transmission

Transmission

 

 

 

 

As its symptoms are like other clinical conditions, diagnosing EBV can be difficult. ELISpot (T-cell testing) and immunoassays (that detect antibodies) can be used in monitoring and managing the infection, while also taking the patient’s symptomology into account.

Testing

Testing

EBV is a common human herpes virus which is known to infect the majority of the world’s population. Most people will become infected with EBV at some point in their lifetime. Children infected with EBV do not experience any symptoms or can experience symptoms similar to many childhood illnesses. The virus is highly contagious and can easily spread from person to person. The incubation period of the virus is usually 4-7 weeks.

 

 

 

 

As we mentioned earlier, symptoms in children are mild and usually mimic those of childhood illnesses. In adolescence and adulthood, the infected person will become fatigued and experience discomfort for 2-4 weeks before they get better. The symptoms of EBV infections include:

  1. Fatigue

  2. Fever

  3. Swollen liver

  4. Rash

  5. Breathing difficulties

  6. Anemia

  7. Irregular heartbeat

  8. Enlarged spleen

Symptoms

Symptoms

 

 

 

 

 

There is no cure for an EBV infection. People can prevent infection by not kissing or sharing drinks and personal items with people infected with EBV. Over-the-counter pain medication such as Tylenol and ibuprofen can help to relieve the symptoms, while getting plenty of rest and staying hydrated is also important.

Treatment

Treatment

Available Tests for Epstein-Barr Virus

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) ELISPOT

2 ACD Tubes (Yellow top)

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) IgM and IgG

1 Serum Tube (Tiger top)

InfectolabAmericas_Logo_PNG_White.png

3510 Hopkins Pl N

Oakdale, MN 55128 USA

Phone: 651-387-2614

E-mail: info@infectolab-americas.com

Office Hours

Mon-Fri 8:00 am - 4:30 pm CST
Sat & Sun: Closed

CLIA Certified 24D2151884